Location : Web Hosting - Glossary


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AnonFTP - Anonymous FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a method by which your guests can upload content (files) to an incoming directory.

Archive Manager - The archive manager is a tool available to you in your control panel. The Archive Manager option provides a method of backing up files on your site by compressing them. It is always good practice to back up files in case damage should occur to original files. Compressing files allows you to reduce the amount of storage space your files take up, thus freeing more space for you to work with on your site.

Bandwidth - The total amount of traffic generated by your site. If you deliver 100,000 pages a day of 10.0 kilobytes each, then your website will consume 1 gigabyte of data per day, or about 30 gigabytes per month. Over 90% of all websites never go above 5GB of data transfer per month.

CGI BIN - A special directory where common gateway interface (CGI) scripts are kept. Since a CGI program is executable, having a CGI script on a web page means allowing everyone who visits the page to run a program on the system, which is not very safe. Putting the CGI script in its own directory is a security precaution; the cgi bin can be under direct control of the webmaster, which prohibits the average user from creating CGI scripts.

Control Panel - The Control Panel makes managing your web space fun and easy. This extraordinary interface offers you a way to quickly view account-related information and provides easy access to the wide variety of tools and utilities that come with your account. With the click of a mouse, you can administer your web space, e-mail accounts, directories, cgi-bin (program script storage area) and all the special features offered, including site statistics and shopping carts. You can even add additional features to your account whenever you need them. Gain control and flexibility to make changes within your own time frame and according to your own particular business needs.

Cybercash Support - Cybercash is an online credit card processor. If you register with them, you can then install the local config for your domain on our servers with the Control Panel.

Data Transfer (MB) - The total amount of traffic generated by your site. If you deliver 100,000 pages a day of 10.0 kilobytes each, then your website will consume 1 gigabyte of data per day, or about 30 gigabytes per month. Over 90% of all websites never go above 5GB of data transfer per month.

Detailed Site Statistics - Many statistics about the usage of your web site are available through the Site Statistics option in the Control Panel. The statistics are generated by the http-analyze program, by Rent-A-Guru.

Disk Space(MB) - Disk space refers to the amount of space that we provide on our server to hold your web site files. One megabyte (MB) of disk space can hold several hundred pages of text and images.

Domain Name - The unique name that identifies an Internet site. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts, separated by dots. The part on the left is the most specific, and the part on the right is the most general. A given machine may have more than one Domain Name but a given Domain Name points to only one machine. For example, the domain names: dotservant.com mail.dotservant.com support.dotservant.com can all refer to the same machine, but each domain name can refer to no more than one machine. Usually, all of the machines on a given Network will have the same thing as the right-hand portion of their Domain Names (dotservant.com in the examples above). It is also possible for a Domain Name to exist but not be connected to an actual machine. This is often done so that a group or business can have an Internet e-mail address without having to establish a real Internet site. In these cases, some real Internet machine must handle the mail on behalf of the listed Domain Name.

E-mail Addresses - Electronic mail.A service that sends messages on computers via local or global networks. Our e-mail addresses are very flexible. You can set them up as POP boxes which store mail, e-mail aliases which redirect mail to another box, or as autoresponders.

File Manager - Similar to Microsoft Windows Explorer in function, the File Manager Option in the Control Panel allows you to perform file management tasks such as creating files and directories, setting the read, write or execute permissions on the files and directories in your site, renaming or deleting files or directories, and changing the password for directories that are password-protected.

Form to e-mail - Formmail allows you to use a form to receive e-mail from your users. The Formmail option in your control panel provides step-by-step instructions on how to set this up on your website, but it does not include an automated setup of a formmail form on your site.

Form to PGPmail - This utility is very similar to Form to E-mail, except it uses your PGP key to encrypt the message before sending it to you. Your PGP key is installed with the control panel.

Frontpage extensions - Frontpage is a Microsoft web page creation tool that requires special server extensions, known as Frontpage extensions, to function properly.

FTP - File Transfer Protocol.A client/server protocol for exchanging files with a host computer.

Gateway - A computer that links two networks, routing IP datagrams and often converting protocols or messages from one network to the other. The term can also refer to a system capability that provides direct access to other remote networks or services.

GIF (Graphic Interchange Format) - A common format for image files, especially suitable for images containing large areas of the same color. GIF format files of simple images are often smaller than the same file would be if stored in JPEG format, but GIF format does not store photographic images as well as JPEG.

Gigabyte - 1000 or 1024 Megabytes, depending on who is measuring.

HTML - The publishing language used by the World Wide Web is HTML (from HyperText Markup Language). HTML gives authors the means to: Publish online documents with headings, text, tables, lists, photos, etc. Retrieve online information via hypertext links, at the click of a button. Design forms for conducting transactions with remote services, for use in searching for information, making reservations, ordering products, etc. Include spreadsheets, video clips, sound clips, and other applications directly in their documents.

InterNIC - The InterNIC is the official domain name registry of the Internet.

JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) - JPEG is most commonly mentioned as a format for image files. JPEG format is preferred to the GIF format for photographic images as opposed to line art or simple logo art.

Kilobyte - A thousand bytes. Actually, usually 1024 (2^10) bytes.

Leased Line - Refers to a phone line that is rented for exclusive 24-hour, 7 -days-a-week use from your location to another location. The highest speed data connections require a leased line.

Mail Manager - The Mail Manager option provides several ways of managing the mail accounts you set up on your account. Additionally, if Mailing Lists have been set up for your account, you can manage them using this tool.

Mailing Lists - Mailing lists allow you to send e-mail to a large number of contacts in a very efficient manner. You can manage the mailing list through the control panel. Participants subscribe to a list, receive copies of messages sent by other members, and can e-mail their own comments. In some mailing lists there is a moderator who receives all mail, screens it, and decides which messages to pass on. Unmoderated lists simply redirect all mail received to the list of recipients. Mailing lists may be highly technical, or social and recreational.

Midi Files - Musical Instrument Digital Interface file.A set of instructions for a computer or synthesizer to play a certain musical composition. Midi is a great way to add sound to a web site without using lots of bandwidth. All the popular MIDI mime types are supported on our servers.

MIME Type Manager - Mime Types represent file types as presented to your web browser. The Mime Type option in the Control Panel allows you to specify which types of files you can open with your web browser.

MySQL - MySQL is a true multi-user, multithreaded SQL (Structured Query Language) database server. SQL is the most popular database language in the world. MySQL is a client/server implementation that consists of a server daemon mysql and many different client programs and libraries. The main goals of MySQL are speed, robustness and ease of use.

Network - Any time you connect 2 or more computers together so that they can share resources, you have a computer network. Connect 2 or more networks together and you have an internet.

Newsgroups - The name for discussion groups on USENET.

NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol) - The protocol used by client and server software to carry USENET postings back and forth over a TCP/IP network. If you are using any of the more common software such as Netscape, Nuntius, Internet Explorer, etc. to participate in newsgroups then you are benefiting from an NNTP connection.

Node - Any single computer connected to a network.

Page Access Counters - The Counter option allows you to set up a hit counter on your site, which lets you determine how many times the page on which the counter resides has been visited. This counter is displayed on the page and can be viewed in various counter styles. Additionally, you can start the counter at any number you set, and it will count hits and add them to that number.

PHP 4.0 - PHP 4.0 is the latest release of the server-side scripting solution already in use on over 70,000 World Wide Web sites. This all-new version of the popular scripting language includes support for all major operating systems (Windows 95/NT, most versions of Unix, and Macintosh) and web servers (including Apache, Netscape servers, WebSite Pro, and Microsoft Internet Information Server).

PGP - PGP, which stands for Pretty Good Privacy, is a method of encryption you can apply to scripts that run on your web site along with the e-mail you send through it.

Plug-in - A piece of software that adds features to a larger piece of software. Common examples are plug-ins for the Netscape® browser and web server. Adobe Photoshop® also uses plug-ins. The idea behind plug-in’s is that a small piece of software is loaded into memory by the larger program, adding a new feature, and that users need only install the few plug-ins that they need, out of a much larger pool of possibilities. Plug-ins are usually created by people other than the publishers of the software the plug-in works with.

POP - Acronym for Post Office Protocol, an extensible protocol for retrieving mail from a remote server.

Raw Log Files - Even though detailed web site statistics are available to your in your control panel you also have access to raw log files so that you can use your own statistic analysis program.

Real Audio - We do not have a real audio/video server. However, we do support real audio/video streaming for no extra charge. When Real Audio/Video first came out, it required an audio/video server to be installed on the web server. This was because Real Audio/Video wanted to charge for each "stream'" or visitor. But soon people started writing competitive audio/video streaming technology that didn't require a special server. So, to compete, Real Audio/Video now does not require a server, and you can even use their free tools to create streaming audio over the Internet.

Real Video- We support Video streaming with the Real Video Mime type as explained above.

Search Engine - The Search Engine Options allows you to install the WebGlimpse Search Engine on your site. This tool allows users to perform searches for content on your site.

Shockwave - A program, available as a plug-in, which enables a browser to view files created with Macromedia Director or Macromedia Freehand.Web pages that incorporate Shockwave effects are called "Shocked".

Site Creation Tool - The Site Creation Tool allows you to create your Web site quickly and easily. It is an alternative to using other applications, such as Microsoft FrontPage, Macromedia Dreamweaver or Netscape Composer. The site creation tool comes with all of our accounts and is accessed through your control panel.

SSL Server (https://) - In order to perform secure transactions on the web using https://yourdomain.com you need a hosting company that will support ssl. We use Apache-SSL on all of our servers. In order for SSL to function for your domain, you must acquire a secure certificate from Thawte or Verisign. You can generate the Certificate Signing Request (CSR) and install the certificate with the Control Panel.

Static IP Address - Each account comes with a static IP address. A static IP address means the IP address (the number of your site) never changes. Some hosting companies use dynamic IP addressing, which means the IP number is different each and every time you connect to the server or they have several domains use 1 IP address. A static IP address provides your site with a never-changing solid address, which allows you to use it when FTPing files, or pinging your site, etc.

Telnet - A terminal emulation protocol that lets a user log in remotely to other computers on the Internet; it has a command line interface.Originally developed for ARPAnet, Telnet runs on top of the TCP/IP protocol.

URL Redirect - The Redirect URL allows you to change the file that appears when a user enters a specific file's web address.